The other part of this project is the intellectual history dimension. What does it mean that a prominent Spanish exile (Zambrano) was advocating a kind of Spanish exceptionalism with roots in Unamuno? That Valente's intellectual hero is Saint John of the Cross? What happens to the concept of literary modernity if your chief modern poet is Lorca, a poet so ambivalent toward modernity (when he wasn't just hostile to it)? What happens if you juxtapose Lorca's Duende lecture to Zambrano's cultural history of Spain in Pensamiento y poesía en la vida española?